Animal manure is common in daily life, including poultry manure, livestock manure and so on. Animal manure compost contains multiple necessary plant nutrients, including potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen and a variety of micro-nutrients. Therefore composting animal waste is a good way to convert animal waste to valuable organic fertilizer. As high-quality fertilizer, composted animal manure can be used as soil amendment and excellent fertilizer.
Animal waste, one good material for making organic fertilizer
Animal manure is the byproduct that you can obtain during raising animals. Besides valuable macro- and micro-nutrients, animal manure also contains many plant nutrient and organic matters. However, fresh animal manure usually contains some pathogens, seeds and eggs, which will do harm to soil and plants. Therefore, people always adopt composted animal manure as fertilizer. The Organic matter in animal waste fertilizer can improve soil tilth, increase water-holding capacity, lessen erosion, improve soil aeration and has a beneficial effect on soil microorganisms and plants. On the other hand, the source of organic fertilizer is organic waste, such as agricultural waste, animal waste, food waste and sludge . But when you make compost with any kind of organic waste, the content of animal waste is always 60%. In this way, you can produce organic fertilizer with enough nutrients to soil. So animal waste is an important material for making organic fertilizer.
Tongda’s solution for animal waste disposal—composting
To be honest, composting is a process, during which microorganisms digest or decompose organic matters and convert them into soil like substance- humus. What’s more, microorganism activity will produce a lot of heat, which can nearly kill all pathogens, seeds and eggs. On the one hand, fresh animal waste will both cause air pollution and occupy large space. On the other hand, the fresh animal manure cannot be used directly because potential harmful materials. By composting, the odor of animal manure will disappear and the volume will decrease. Furthermore, animal manure compost is more convenient for transportation, storage and application. In a word, composting animal waste is an efficient way to deal with animal manure.
Tongda provides professional methods for composting animal waste
Composting animal waste can convert organic matters into absorbable nutrients. How to compost animal waste? Tongda provides you three animal waste disposal methods.
- Windrow composting: You should pile up animal waste together in long rows. In addition, there should be suitable distance among each two rows. The advantage of this method is well ventilated, but these rows may occupy more space.
- Composting in grooves: Unlike windrow composting, you need to build some grooves for placing animal waste here. The fermentation groove consists of three walls. The depth of placed animal waste should be less than the height of the groove. The features of composting in fermentation groove is large volume and heat preservation.
- Composting with Tongda aerobic fermentation pot: Aerobic fermentation pot belongs to a closed fermentation container. You just need to collect raw materials for composting and put them into fermentation tank, and the container will automatically finish composting.
Tongda animal manure dewatering machine for you to remove extra water in animal waste
As we all know, water content is an important factor during composting. And suitable water content for composting animal waste is 50% to 60%. Too much water will influence the air permeability of compost pile, so as to inhibit microorganism activity and lead to anaerobic fermentation. On the contrary, too less water cannot supply enough moisture to microorganisms, so that the temperature of compost pile is slow to rise. In terms of manure with large water content, we recommend Tongda animal manure dewatering machine to you for separating extra water from animal waste. And this kind of manure includes horse manure, pig manure and cattle manure. Meanwhile, you can add straw or sawdust to adjust water content, which is suitable for animal manure with not much extra water content, such as sheep manure and poultry manure. In addition, Tongda dewatering machine can be used for dealing with other organic waste.
How to convert animal waste to fertilizer with Tongda animal manure fertilizer machine?
The production of animal waste fertilizer includes composting and deep processing. The deep processing mainly aims to the production of commercial compost fertilizer.What equipment can help you to produce high-quality animal waste fertilizer? You can find answers in next parts.
Composting animal waste
Composting animal waste with Tongda compost machine: For composting larger scale of animal waste, you may need compost turner for maintaining good fermentation environment and shortening composting period. And these composting machines are: crawler type compost turner and self-propelled compost turner for windrow composting; chain plate type compost turner, groove type compost turner and wheel type compost turner for composting in fermentation grooves and aerobic compost bin. All of these machines are same in functions. The application of compost turner can adjust temperature, oxygen content and water content by turning or stirring animal waste evenly. In addition, the stirring apparatus on the compost turner can crush the caking in compost pile, which can guarantee full fermentation in all parts.
Deep processing of animal waste compost
Fertilizer crushing machine: When animal waste becomes organic fertilizer by composting, you can send them to crushing machine for deep processing. Crushing machine here is used for eliminating caking in fermented animal waste. Meanwhile, fine animal waste fertilizer will enter screening machine by belt conveyor.
Tongda compost screening equipment: The collected raw materials may contain some impurities, such as stone, hair or feather of animal and so on. Therefore, we should select out impurities from animal manure compost by screening machine, so as to guarantee the purity of animal manure fertilizer.
Animal waste fertilizer packaging machine: After the former two steps, you can obtain high-quality, fine and pure organic fertilizer powder. In order to improve convenience for transportation and storage, you can produce bagged organic fertilizer. Tongda animal waste fertilizer packaging machine can help you to finish feeding, filling, sealing and packaging of organic fertilizer. Finally, you can produce commercial organic fertilizer.
Common problems in using animal waste as a fertilizer and Tongda’s advice
1. Can we apply animal waste as fertilizer directly?
No. In view of potential pathogen, seeds and eggs in fresh animal waste. You should compost animal waste before using it. Because composting can kill all these harmful materials.
2.How to increase the function of animal waste fertilizer?
After composting animal waste, you can add biological agents or other nutrient elements to animal waste compost. In order to control the proportion of various elements according to requirements or conditions of application objects, you can adopt Tongda batching machine. In this way, you can make bio-organic fertilizer or organic and inorganic compound fertilizer.