Along with the development of modernization, people pay more attention to environment protection and green living. Composting becomes an efficient way to deal with large amount of organic waste. Industrial composting is often used for dealing with plenty of municipal sludge and food waste. The disposal of organic waste will occupy much space and may pollute environment. But the volume of organic waste will decrease by composting. And odor will disappear. What’s more, composted organic waste can become high-quality organic fertilizer, which can provide nutrients to plants. Therefore, it is a good way to adopt industrial composting on disposing city garbage. Generally speaking, the size of organic waste for industrial composting is large. So, it is necessary for you to adopt industrial composting machine. In terms of raw material, industrial composting process, system, composting equipment and design, we will provide detailed instructions bellow.
What kind of organic waste can be used for industrial composting?
Industrial composting usually refers to disposal of a lot of waste from city. And industrial composting dedicates to convert useless organic waste into nutrient-rich organic fertilizer. Besides landfill, many organic wastes can be recycled by composting. And the common waste includes:
- Large amount of food waste from restaurants and residential area
- Grass, leaves and tree branches from urban landscaping
- Animal manure from zoo and pets
What is industrial composting process?
In order to convert organic waste into organic fertilizer by industrial composting. Firstly, you should collect the main raw material. Here we can make food waste composting as an example. You should periodically collect food waste from places, where have no solution on food waste disposal. At the same time, you can also collect dried leaves, lawn clippings, spent plant matter from the garden, used newspaper and straw. Because they can provide carbon and nitrogen, which can accelerate composting speed. Second, you can start to pre-treat the waste. For organic waste with high water content, you should decrease its moisture to 55% by solid liquid separator machine. In addition, you need to crush garden waste into pieces by straw crusher. Because too large size will influence fermentation speed and results. Finally, you can stack the waste together, and turn them regularly, so as to maintain good fermentation conditions.
Industrial composting systems
As mentioned above, you can start composting after collection and treatment of organic waste. There are three kinds of industrial composting system for you to reference. Windrow composting, groove type composting and composting with aerobic fermentation pot. And then we will introduce them separately.
In terms of this system, you should stack organic waste on the ground by taking form of windrow or strip. On the one hand, the site you choose should be far away from residential area, due to odor produced in composting. On the other hand, you should build a roof for these compost piles. Because rain, snow and other bad weathers may cause adverse effect on composting period.
Industrial Windrow Composting Equipment
- Model: TDLDF-3000 (Full hydraulic)
- Compost width: 3 m
- Compost Height: 1.6-1.8 m
- Moving Speed: 6-10 m/min (adjustable)
- Capacity: 1500-1800 cubic meters/h
- Color: Dark green (can be customized)
- Application: Turning organic waste during composting
Groove type composting
Like windrow composting, groove type composting also needs large space. But the difference is that you should build some paralleled grooves to place organic waste. And the number of grooves depends on the amount of organic waste. What’s more, the fermentation groove not only can preserve heat during fermentation, but also store more organic waste than windrow composting under the same space.
Composting with aerobic fermentation pot
In view of odor from organic waste, aerobic fermentation pot is one of best industrial composting machines. Aerobic fermentation pot belongs to closed and aerobic composting equipment. The features of fermentation pot is space-saving, high output and short composting period. It can shorten fermentation period to 7-10 days. In addition, fermentation can effectively deal with odor by deodorization system.
In a word, these three industrial composting systems can finish composting with high efficiency. And you can choose the most suitable one, according to your actual requirements.
Industrial aerobic fermentation pot
Industrial Aerobic Fermentation Pot
- Model: TDFJG-5
- Heating Power: 24 kw
- Stirring Power: 7.5 kw
- Stirring Speed: 3 (r/min)
- Overall Size (mm): 2200*2200*5300 (ranges from 3-100 cubic meters)
Advanced industrial composting machine from Tongda fertilizer machinery
Composting not only can provide high-quality fertilizer, but also deal with a lot of organic waste in an eco-friendly way. People gradually realize the importance of composting. Meanwhile, the compost industry has a bright future. The leading enterprise of organic fertilizer equipment industry, Tongda fertilizer machinery manufactures many advanced industrial composting machine. And the detailed description is as below.
Industrial compost turner
As one of industrial composting facilities, compost tuner is suitable for windrow composting and groove type composting. Both crawler type compost turner and self propelled compost turner are available for windrow composting. They are featured with flexibility, easy operation and high turning capacity. One person can operate one machine, and one machine can finish turning multiple compost piles.
In addition, groove type compost turner and wheel type compost turner have multiple models, which can deal with different sizes of organic waste. They work on the groove, and their stirring apparatus can evenly turn the organic waste. What’s more, you can operate them by fully automated electrical control system, which can greatly reduce manpower and improve work efficiency.
Self Propelled Compost Turner for Industrial Composting
- Model: TDM-240
- Compost width: 2600 mm
- Compost Height: 800-1200 mm
- Moving Speed: 4.5-5.5 (adjustable)
- Color: Beige and Cyan (can be customized)
- Application: Turning organic waste during composting
Industrial compost bin
Industrial compost bin is aerobic composting equipment. When you finish pre-treatment of organic waste, you can send them into industrial compost bin. Then, this equipment can automatically adjust fermentation conditions, such as temperature, oxygen content and moisture. The stirring apparatus inside compost bin will stir the organic waste regularly, so as to make thorough fermentation. At the same time, air system will send air to organic waste. The air supply not only can guarantee sufficient oxygen, but can prevent too higher heat in the fermentation pot. Finally, the composting period will be finished in 7-10 days. The deodorization system will deal with odor and exhaust harmless gas. Then you should place compost together for several days before application, so as to guarantee its stability and security.
Typical production line machinery for organic fertilizer industrial production in Tongda
If you want to make organic fertilizer industrial production, you can adopt fertilizer powdery or pellets production line. That is to say, you can make organic waste compost into powdery fertilizer or granular fertilizer. The main difference between powdery fertilizer production and granular fertilizer production is granulating process. The following machines are their common machines.
- Forklift feeding machine: It is used for temporarily storage organic waste compost, so as to provide continuous material supply for the following steps.
- Fertilizer crushing equipment: It is used for eliminating potential caking and make fine powdery.
- Screening machine: You can use it to select out impurities, so as to guarantee purity of compost.
- Fertilizer batching machine: You can adopt it to add other elements to organic fertilizer with different ratio, so as to increase fertilizer’s functions.
- Fertilizer packaging machine: It can finish feeding, filling, sealing and packaging organic fertilizer.
Granulating equipment for granular organic fertilizer production
After composting, organic waste has become compost with the help of industrial composting machine. And then you can deeply process it by granular organic fertilizer production line. The purpose of granulating is to make fertilizer powder into pellets, which is more convenient for storage and transportation. In this process, Tongda granulating equipment adopts wet granulation to make fertilizer pellets. Moreover, there are new type organic fertilizer granulator, pan granulator and rotary drum stirring granulator. All of them are high-efficiency granulator, whose granulating ratio is above 93%. With the help of stirring force or centrifugal force and steam, fertilizer powder becomes compact pellets. After this, you may need to dry them by fertilizer drying machine, so as to decrease fertilizer’s moisture and extend storage time.
How to make an optimized industrial design for organic fertilizer production?
Industrial Compost Bin
- Model: TDFJG-10
- Heating Power: 24 kw
- Stirring Power: 11 kw
- Stirring Speed: 3 (r/min)
- Overall Size (mm ): 2400*2400*6900 (ranges from 3-100 cubic meters)
Many factors involve in the industrial production of organic fertilizer, such as budget, site and selection of equipment. As a organic fertilizer equipment manufacture, we will give you the following advice.
- Know about conditions of raw materials for composting: You should know about the monthly amount of organic waste for composting. Because site space for composting and budge on equipment depend on it.
- Make a general plan about site: The site space depends on the composting system or methods that you adopt. Different composting methods have different requirements on site space.
- Plan the budget on equipment purchase: Budget determines the purchase of industrial composting machine.
- Know about conditions of applied objects: You can know about the conditions of applied objects in advance. That is to say, the information of places you want to apply organic waste compost. So,you can add different elements to increase specific fertilizer function.
How much does an industrial composting machine cost?
The cost of industrial composting machine depends on two factors. One is the composting methods you adopt. Because different composting methods need different composting machines. The other is the type of industrial composting machine. In terms of one composting system, multiple machines may be available. However, they may be different in function, capacity and cost. Therefore, the cost of composting machine is uncertain. But as a professional supplier of industrial composting machine, we can provide you equipment with factory and high quality. In addition, our engineer can also provide production design for you.